Sunscreens are products that help prevent the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays from reaching the skin’s surface. Sun overexposure causes sun burn, wrinkles, dryness and inflammatory condition like rosacea and eczema to flare up. The best ways you can protect your skin are wearing sunscreen, staying in the shade, wearing protective eyewear and hats.
Types of UV Radiation
UVA rays are longer wavelength rays that can penetrate through glass windows, get right down to the connective tissue in the skin and cause cumulative skin damage i.e. skin aging, wrinkling and skin cancers. UVA rays are also responsible for about 95% of the UV radiation from the sun that reaches the Earth’s surface.
UVB rays are shorter in wavelength. While they cannot penetrate glass windows, they cause fine lines, dark spots, wrinkles, sunburn and skin cancers. UVB rays are the remaining 5% of the UV radiation reaching Earth, with the majority being absorbed by the atmosphere.
UVC rays are the shortest in wavelength. Don’t worry about these ones since the ozone layer deals with them, absorbing them before they can reach the Earth’s surface.
What is SPF?
It is established that a broad spectrum sunscreen will protect against both UVA and UVB rays. SPF aka Sun Protection Factor is a rating of how much UV light will be blocked.
The amount of SPF that is effective at blocking can be estimated using the following algorithm from dermatologist Dr. Rachel Herschenfeld – 1/(SPF number) of rays goes through. That means:
- SPF 15 allows 1/15 UV rays, or 6.7% through, blocking about 93.3% of UV rays.
- SPF 30 allows 1/30 UV rays, or 3.3% through, blocking about 96.6% of UVB rays.
- SPF 50 allows 1/50 UVB rays, or 2.0% through, blocking about 98.0% of UVB rays.
Generally, a higher SPF number offers more protection from UV light than a lower one. It also makes sense to use a broad sunscreen with a higher SPF for the following reasons.
What Factors Affect SPF?
- Skin type. If it takes 20 minutes of sun exposure to cause unprotected skin to burn, theoretically, SPF 15 would take the skin 15 times longer (15*20=300 minutes) to burn. However, your skin would burn quicker if you are prone to sun burn.
- The intensity of the sun. The hotter the sun, the quicker the sunscreen loses it’s effectiveness.
- The amount of sunscreen applied. Many people don’t apply as much sunscreen as required in order to get the level of protection on the bottle.On the face alone 1/4 teaspoon of sunscreen should be applied.
- External factors. Swimming, towels, clothing can all wipe away sunscreen.
What are some of your favorite sunscreens? Have you tried any Asian brands?